This first volume of a series of four carries the subtitle Sociolinguistique de l’area hassanophone. It consists of twelve studies published between 1989 and 2013, which deal with aspects of the relations that Moorish society maintains (or has maintained) with languages in various circumstances, be it Arabic in its different varieties (dialectal or not) Berber, the languages of neighboring communities or those introduced by colonization.
The order in which the articles are presented is quite close to the chronological order, but if some of them deal with related problems, each can be read independently of the others.
The first article, which gives a rather general overview, is a fairly comprehensive introduction to the ḥassāniyya dialect and the sociolinguistic situation of Mauritania. As for the following articles, they deal with various more specific issues such as the question of relations between languages and identities, both in Mauritania and in southern Morocco; the question of language policy and the choice of languages in education; the question of borrowing from classical Arabic and the use of coding alternations; the question of the orientation and the changing name of the cardinal points; the issue of language changes related to urbanization; and finally the question of the ethnolinguistic specificities of the groups of fishermen and Moorish hunters.
TAINE-CHEIKH Catherine, 2016, Études de linguistique ouest-saharienne, vol. 1. Sociolinguistique de l’aire hassanophone, Maroc : Centre des Études Sahariennes, 325 p.